A concrete example of how AVR closes the paper cycle and produces new raw materials again.


Paper fibres can only be recycled seven or eight times before becoming too short and weak to make into paper. Every year AVR’s thermal conversion plant turns these too short paper fibres into 40,000 tons of a patented chalky (calcareous) product called TopCrete®. The application of TopCrete® means less building lime or cement has to be produced.

TopCrete® has anti-corrosion properties and is, therefore, used as:

–  a (calcareous) binder in surface and road construction;

– a cement replacement binder in construction products

– a corrosion prevention agent in flue gas cleaning